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J Phys Condens Matter 25 Electrons in transition metals. The ratio of support for individual and small groups of investigators relative to support for centers and facilities should not decline in the next decade. The CMMP community should organize sessions at national meetings to engage funding agencies and the com- munity in a dialogue on best practices for proposal review and for the support of nontraditional, rapidly evolving areas. The present approach confuses two conceptually distinct goals.
Such an evalua- tion should be an ongoing activity of OSTP since it may be several years before the performance of these activities can be adequately evaluated. The committee also recommends action on the priorities for mid-scale instrumentation identified in a recent National Research Council NRC report. The report is expected to be released in the summer of Such a loss could cause the United States to miss critical opportunities in growing new markets and could significantly hamper U.
The development of transistors, the integrated circuit, liquid-crystal displays, and even DVD players can be traced back to fundamental research pioneered in the field of condensed-matter and materials physics CMPP. The United States has been a leader in the field, but that status is now in jeopardy. Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics, part of the Physics decadal survey project, assesses the present state of the field in the United States, examines possible directions for the 21st century, offers a set of scientific challenges for American researchers to tackle, and makes recommendations for effective spending of federal funds.
This book maintains that the field of CMPP is certain to be principle to both scientific and economic advances over the next decade and the lack of an achievable plan would leave the United States behind. This book's discussion of the intellectual and technological challenges of the coming decade centers around six grand challenges concerning energy demand, the physics of life, information technology, nanotechnology, complex phenomena, and behavior far from equilibrium. Policy makers, university administrators, industry research and development executives dependent upon developments in CMPP, and scientists working in the field will find this book of interest.
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